Brakes and hours of service lead Roadcheck out-of-service violations

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Updated Aug 15, 2023
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A total of 19.3% of the commercial motor vehicles inspected in the U.S. were placed out of service during a recent three-day inspection effort, while 5.8% of U.S. drivers were sidelined.

Those are this country's results from the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance's International Roadcheck held May 16-18 in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.

In all, U.S. inspectors conducted 53,847 Level I, II and III Inspections, according to the CVSA. There were 15,932 vehicle, 5,020 driver, and 205 hazardous material out-of-service violations found.

U.S. inspectors also found:

  • The top vehicle out-of-service violation was for brake systems
  • The top driver out-of-service violation was hours of service
  • The top hazardous material out-of-service violation was for loading
  • There were 2,798 cargo securement violations
  • Anti-lock braking system violations were discovered on 1,264 power units and 2,428 trailers
  • Inspectors issued 931 safety belt violations

The leading out-of-service violations for U.S. drivers included:

  • Hours of service, 1,976
  • False logs, 1,374
  • Other 476
  • Canceled/revoked license, 414
  • No medical card, 241

The leading out-of-service violations for vehicles in the U.S. included:

  • Brake system, 4,041
  • Tires, 3,172
  • Defective service brakes, 2,236
  • Cargo securement, 1,969
  • Lights, 1,811

Inspectors also placed CVSA decals on 12,284 power units, 4,681 trailers, and 305 motorcoaches/buses, for a total of 17,270 decals.

Throughout the three countries, CVSA-certified inspectors discovered at least one out-of-service violation on 19% of the vehicles inspected and, in turn, removed those 11,270 commercial motor vehicles from roadways until the out-of-service violations were corrected. There were 17,479 vehicle out-of-service violations in total.

Last year inspectors conducted 59,026 inspections and placed 12,456 commercial motor vehicles and 3,714 commercial motor vehicle drivers out of service.

Inspectors in the three countries also restricted 5.5% (3,256) of the commercial motor vehicle drivers inspected who were found to have at least one out-of-service driver violation, as identified in the CVSA North American Standard Out-of-Service Criteria, from operating their vehicle. Those drivers were restricted from commercial travel until their out-of-service violations were addressed. There were 5,280 driver out-of-service violations in total.

A total of 116,669 violations were identified throughout the effort, which included all driver and vehicle out-of-service violations and violations that were not out of service, combined.

Each year, CVSA highlights certain aspects of the roadside inspection. This year, inspectors focused on anti-lock braking systems and cargo securement. There were 2,975 cargo securement violations and 4,127 ABS violations.

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A total of 949 safety belt violations were issued during this year’s International Roadcheck. Meaning, 1.6% of commercial motor vehicle drivers inspected were not wearing their safety belt.

Inspectors also checked commercial motor vehicles carrying hazardous materials/dangerous goods (HM/DG) to ensure they were being transported safely and compliant with federal regulations. During International Roadcheck, 2,853 HM/DG inspections were performed, and inspectors discovered 236 HM/DG-related out-of-service violations.